A former accountant for the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals was arrested Tuesday and charged with defrauding the state out of more than $1 million, money she used to feed a gambling habit, announced Attorney General Buddy Caldwell.
Deborah Crowder Loper, 46, of 9642 Hardwood Drive, Baton Rouge, was charged with theft by fraud, money laundering, and malfeasance in office for intentionally using her position of public trust to defraud Louisiana's Medicaid program by misappropriating public funds for personal use. The arrest comes as a result of the joint investigation conducted by the Attorney General's Medicaid Fraud Control Unit, Louisiana Office of the Inspector General, Louisiana Legislative Auditor's Office, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General and the FBI.
"Ms. Loper squandered hundreds of thousands of tax dollars meant for invaluable health care services for Louisiana's Medicaid recipients and used her position as a public servant for her own personal gain," Attorney General Caldwell said in announcing the arrest. "She will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law."
"The fact that a state employee was able to steal over a million dollars of taxpayer money is shocking enough," Louisiana Inspector General Stephen Street said in the release. "Against the backdrop of the health care funding issues facing our state, it's outrageous. Of particular concern to us are the conditions that allowed Ms. Loper to engage in this scheme over a period of years without being detected."
As an accountant administrator within DHH's Division of Fiscal Management, Loper was responsible for the management of funds used to operate the state's Medicaid program. In 2006, she was entrusted by DHH and the National Association of State Human Services Financial Officers to manage the financial activities of a bank account opened in Louisiana on behalf of the NASHSFO for the purpose of facilitating the association's 2009 winter conference, which was held in Louisiana.
After the 2009 conference, Loper was instructed by her immediate supervisor to close the account. Authorities later determined that Loper fabricated documents and subsequently submitted those documents, giving the appearance that the account was closed. She changed the address on the account so that she was able to receive all correspondence for the NASHSFO account, including monthly statements of transactions, at her private residence.
From March 2007 through January 2013, records indicate that Loper deposited more than 130 checks totaling $1.06 million into the NASHSFO account that were not payable to NASHSFO. Those checks deposited by Loper were made payable to DHH, Medicaid Payment Management Section and Medicaid Refunds. The primary source of those funds was identified as Medicaid reimbursements, which were issued to DHH by licensed Medicaid providers and were intended to be returned to the state's Medicaid program. During the course of the investigation, it was found that the majority of the money was spent at area casinos.
Authorities say in February 2013, Loper abruptly resigned from DHH after finding out that the account had been frozen by the bank for potential fraudulent activity. Loper notified members of DHH management through email that she was resigning from her position effective immediately but gave no reason and was not available for subsequent contact.
DHH officials were then contacted by Loper's attorney and advised that the department should review a bank account established at Capital One Bank. After receiving this information from Loper's attorney, DHH officials contacted Capital One Bank and were informed that the account had never been closed as previously indicated by Loper but that the account was recently frozen due to possible fraudulent activity. DHH officials immediately contacted the Attorney General's Office and the Office of the Inspector General, initiating the investigation. DHH is fully cooperating with the ongoing investigation.
DHH also filed a civil suit May 13 to preserve its rights against Loper and the bank in order to recover the stolen funds.
Loper surrendered to MFCU agents and was booked into the East Baton Rouge Parish Prison. If convicted of theft by fraud, money laundering, and malfeasance in office, she faces a combined maximum of 115 years in prison.