Louisiana’s settlement with BP is a raw deal. Judge Carl Barbier previously ruled that BP acted recklessly in disregarding warning signs that the well wasn’t properly sealed against gas leaks. With that ruling, in court, the state of Louisiana was poised to hold BP accountable. A strong settlement holding BP accountable would have served as a strong, powerful and effective disincentive to oil and gas operators everywhere, essentially telling them: If you risk Louisiana lives and damage our coast and fisheries, you will be held accountable.
The U.S. Public Interest Research Group has pointed out that the tax benefits potentially reduce the overall deal from $18.7 billion to about $14 billion. Further, $1 billion of the settlement is money that BP has already spent, so it is not money to be invested in our coast. And the protracted nature of the payments means that inflation makes the real value of the settlement far less than even those lowered amounts. BP’s stock price has actually increased on news of the settlement. BP’s payments to the state of Louisiana are far less than they should be. And yet the private lawyers hired by Louisiana Attorney General Buddy Caldwell to represent the state will be rewarded handsomely for this debacle, racking in over $25 million for their work. Why did this happen?
Judge Barbier was right: BP did act recklessly, and did disregard warning signs that the well was dangerous. BP gave no pause to its secret, high-stakes gamble with Louisiana workers’ lives and the possibility of catastrophically polluting the coast and fisheries. The reason BP took this risk is because there was no strong-enough disincentive to stop it from doing so. In court, the prospect of a heavy fine was an opportunity to fix the system and make clear that no oil company should gamble with Louisiana lives and coast. We rely on government officials to protect us by ensuring that real disincentives to dangerous behavior exist. If there is one thing we have learned from this tragedy, it is that when there is no disincentive to stop an oil company from operating recklessly, it will act recklessly. And government officials are not holding reckless companies accountable. Recall that after the spill, U.S. Rep. Joe Barton, R-Texas, apologized to BP for what he called a “shakedown.” His response shows a mentality that is pervasive throughout all levels of government. There was a time when oil companies were expected and required to abide by law, but this is no longer the case. How did we get to this point?
The added insult to injury is that Caldwell paid top dollar to get this bad result. Caldwell entered into big dollar, no-bid contracts with private law firms. The state’s lead private attorney, Allen Kanner, is paid $600 per hour for his work. The outside firms racked up well over $15 million by January 2013, and as of April 2015, Louisiana’s attorney general had spent over $25 million on legal fees. Contrast this with Alabama’s AG, who used state attorneys and had spent only $200,000 on legal fees for outside lawyers as of January 2013.
On this issue, Judge Barbier criticized Caldwell for having “apparently no qualms about paying substantial legal fees to multiple lawyers.” The no-bid process of using state money to pay private lawyers is a process that must be halted immediately. It is unseemly that most of the private firms hired by Caldwell to work on the BP case were also donors to his political campaign. At a moment when Louisiana is facing a budget crisis that threatens the whole state, we cannot afford to give tens of millions of dollars to private law firms when the state has perfectly good state attorneys on staff who already represent the state, and who are perfectly capable of handling the case at a fraction of the cost.
Our coast has been carved up and polluted for generations. When these oil companies pollute and damage our coast, it is an insult to all Louisianans. It’s an insult to the sportsmen and commercial fishermen who rely on a healthy ecosystem. It’s an insult to the coastal citizens who depend on the coast for hurricane protection. It’s an insult to the oilfield workers who rely on their bosses to minimize the risk of death. It’s an insult to the oystermen whose business depends on oil companies not polluting the oyster beds.
When oil companies do not act carefully, we need the state to meaningfully enforce the law and require these companies to pay for the damage they’ve caused. The BP settlement is yet another demonstration that this state’s political system is broke.