Feb. 13, 2017 11:22 AM
Louisiana's lawmakers trudge back to work Monday for a special deficit-closing session that many of them didn't want to have, called to the Capitol by Gov. John Bel Edwards for distasteful decision-making on spending cuts.

The 10-day special session, starting near Valentine's Day and ending shortly before Mardi Gras, will have little of the festive air that normally marks lawmakers' return to Baton Rouge, when they arrive happy to visit with colleagues and brimming with ideas.

Instead, they're gathering for an unpleasant chore: rebalancing the state's $27 billion operating budget for the financial year that ends June 30 and eliminating a $304 million deficit.

"Nobody's looking forward to going back Monday, I can tell you that," said Rep. Thomas Carmody, R-Shreveport.

House Republican leaders questioned the need for the session at all, saying the Democratic governor and the Legislature's joint budget committee had the authority to make cuts on their own. But Edwards said that authority was too limited and the full Legislature could broaden the impact of the reductions to lessen the pain.

The session opens at 6:30 p.m. Edwards speaks to a joint gathering of the House and Senate shortly thereafter.

Unemployment is plunging the tax collections on personal income, business and sales below expectations, opening up the budget gap. Edwards' proposal to rebalance the state's spending plans would cut about $60 million from agencies and use $240 million in reserves and other financing to eliminate the remaining shortfall.

Colleges, prisons, K-12 public schools, the TOPS college tuition program and the state child welfare agency would be shielded.

Cuts would fall on the privatized charity hospital services, medical school training programs, roadwork, outreach services for the homeless, economic development marketing and the Office of Juvenile Justice. Dollars for supplies, travel and equipment would be reduced.

Taxes can't be raised under the session parameters set by the governor, but lawmakers can consider fee hikes if they would prefer that to cuts.

Democrats appear to be largely on board with the governor's plan, but some GOP lawmakers say it contains too many short-term fixes. They want to see more permanent spending reductions, saying state government has grown too large.

A central debate involves whether to tap into Louisiana's Budget Stabilization Fund, known as the "rainy day" fund. Edwards proposes using nearly $120 million from the savings account to avoid deeper cuts, but House Republican leaders are reluctant.

Rep. Lance Harris
"We're at a point in this state where we're going to have to cut programs. We're going to have to have a discussion about that," said Rep. Lance Harris, leader of the House GOP delegation. "I want to look at every single option, leave no stone unturned, before I look at voting for using rainy day."

Tapping the fund requires support from two-thirds of House and Senate members, a vote that senators believe they can reach but that appears questionable in the House.

"If the Legislature does not want to use the rainy day fund, then they need to figure out where they want to impose these cuts," said Commissioner of Administration Jay Dardenne, the governor's chief budget adviser.

The session must end by Feb. 22.